In his decree, Putin applied the principle of land, or territory, which violated the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.
The simplified granting of Russian citizenship to residents of the occupied areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions not only creates a political crisis but also violates the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine. This was stated by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Elena Zerkal on Facebook.
She recalled that there are two classical principles by which each state independently determines the circle of persons for the possibility of vesting citizenship: jus sanguinis (the right of blood, or of origin) and jus soli (the right of land, or territory).
According to Elena Zekal, Russian President Vladimir Putin in his decree applied the principle of land or territory, thereby violating the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.
“The decree violates one of the cornerstones of international law – ex injuria jus non oritur – offenses cannot be the basis for rights,” she wrote.
The Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine indicated that it was the Russian Federation that was guilty of creating a humanitarian crisis in the Donbass by all possible means, including through the financing of terrorism and direct occupation, and under no circumstances could the Russian Federation grant Ukrainians Russian citizenship for “humanitarian purposes.”
She believes that Putin’s decree grossly violates the principle of non-aggravation of the conflict.
Elena Zerkal also questions the “voluntariness” of the mechanism for obtaining citizenship of the Russian Federation for residents of occupied territories, citing the situation in Crimea as an example.
“Citizens of Ukraine, who refused to take the citizenship of the Russian Federation had it imposed on them, became victims of discrimination. These violations are subject to legal proceedings at the International Court of Justice,” she explained.
In addition, the Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine recalled that at one time Nazi Germany actively used the practice of granting citizenship in the occupied territories in Europe.
Zerkal is convinced that sooner or later, the Russian Federation will be held accountable as a state for these and other illegal actions, no matter how difficult and lengthy this process may seem, and whatever the international political environment may be.